Bettas are one of the easiest freshwater fish to keep. Universally known for being aggressive and a killer, most of these names are misconceptions by local fish stores or uneducated aquarist. Betta splendens are easy but lets not get too complasent that we start cutting corners. When deciding to start an aquarium or just deciding to buy a betta fish, you must be willing to buy everthing that it needs. Lets start with the living area.
Bettas can live in a bowl, however this isnt considered by many to be the best environment to keep bettas as bowls will get dirty very quickly which can cause problems for the betta. You will basically need to change the water around every 2-3 days. Bowls also dont provide alot of room for the fish to go. Bowls do have a plus side though. When you get more advanced and are breeding bettas or selling bettas, quantiy doesnt allow people to keep a betta in a 10 gallon tank, so bowls are fine for these cases. Don’t forget, petstores and breeders often keep bettas in a bowl for sale, not for permant keeping. A good option to get would be a 2.5 gallon aquarium with at least a sponge filter.
You can use a power hang on back filter but generally unless you are keeping the betta with other fish, you dont want to create that much of a current in the tank with the betta in it. Bettas generally speaking also do well in the community tank setup. An aquarium of 10 gallons is probably the bare minimum that one would want to keep a betta with other tropical community fish. Like metioned before you want to have the aquarium outfitted with a power filter, Now there are talks about how bettas struggle with their finnage with a power filter, but generally speaking it is ok to use.
Overall bettas are one of the most reconizable fish in the freshwater hobby, and one of the most understood. But researching is key when owning a betta and anyother tropical fish. Make sure you do regular water changes and provide the fish a good environement are the keys for long term success with our betta.
Bettas were one of the first fishes to come into popularity in the aquarium hobby. Traditionally betta splendens are found in the wild from the rice paddies of Thailand. Wild bettas are naturally short finned and brown in coloration. With selective breeding and many years of work, betta splendens are now what you see today.
Betta splendens come in every color, every pattern, every size, and every tail shape one can imagine. Today one can go to any petstore and see bettas that come in any color, but in the past traditionally bettas at the petstore usually come in either red or blue or prehaps a mixture. A trip to PetCo has illistrated that now one can go to the store and buy cambodian butterflies, black lace, white, yellow bettas, also bettas in all different tail shapes like veil tails, double tails, deltas, halfmoon, crowntails, and even giant plakats. We have come extremely far in bettas over the past 10 years where in history we could go to the store and only see veil tails. There are no differences in care for different tail shapes. One misconspetion that new bettas owners think is that bettas are broken down into different species based on tail shape. This is not true as they are all bettas and all have the same care. Giant bettas and Halfmoons are still the pinicle as far as bettas are concerned.
Betta care is rather simple which is why they make great pets for beginner fish keepers. Regular water changes are key, depending on what type of tank you are going to keep your betta will determine if you will need to change the water once a week to every 3 days. Ammonia which is produced from the fish will cause problems for the betta if not removed via water change. Daily maintance would include check the betta over to make sure their are no phyiscal changes to the fish. You will also want to feed the betta once a day.
Bettas are natural carinvours meaning that they will eat live foods. However bettas will eat prepared fish food. Betta pellets are the best option as flakes tend not to be eatten by all bettas and can fowl the water if left in the tank. The other option to feed your betta is using freezed dried foods such as bloodworms.